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How should the power industry respond to the imminent launch of the national carbon market

on the basis of carbon trading pilot projects in 7 provinces and cities including Beijing and Shenzhen, the national development and Reform Commission has made it clear that the national carbon market will be launched in 2017. It is expected that the first batch will only be included in the three industries of power, electrolytic aluminum and cement. According to the requirements of the national carbon market for inclusion in the enterprise emission threshold, almost all power generation enterprises and power enterprises should participate in the national carbon market, which will have a great impact on the internal management, team building and business division of relevant enterprises

how should power generation enterprises, power enterprises and power sales companies prepare for the national carbon market? Jing Jian participated in the second national carbon trading market development forum held in Beijing a few days ago, and summarized the following points in combination with the guest speeches:

power generation enterprises

all market players should make it clear that the fundamental purpose of establishing a carbon market is to promote energy conservation and emission reduction and stimulate the development of low-carbon technologies by market-oriented means, rather than to increase the environmental protection cost of enterprises. In this process, thermal power, as a key control and emission object, will inevitably face great pressure on emission reduction, and some backward units may be eliminated

thermal power and other emission control enterprises should fully realize that low-carbon development is an irresistible trend of our society, and should participate in carbon trading as soon as possible to realize low-carbon transformation in market practice. To incorporate the low-carbon concept into the development strategy of the enterprise and track the policy trend in a timely manner, the following points should be done well:

(1) establish a management system, apply tensile load on the 1 side of the handle or apply compressive load on the 1 side of the hammer, pay attention to capacity-building: clarify the internal carbon emission management mechanism of the enterprise, enhance the relevant knowledge and skill training of personnel, and carry out carbon asset management, etc

(2) enhance the collection and analysis of carbon emission data: conduct internal carbon inventory, analyze the profit and loss of quotas, build a carbon data management system, and predict carbon emissions based on historical data

(3) first, technological emission reduction and business innovation: actively develop new technologies for energy conservation and emission reduction, enhance market competitiveness, and try business model innovation

(4) use carbon finance to revitalize carbon assets and realize income

in fact, many power generation enterprises have started to prepare for the carbon market early. For example, Huaneng Group established Huaneng Carbon Asset Management Co., Ltd. in 2010, which has carried out a series of businesses including carbon asset development, contract energy management projects, low-carbon consulting and carbon finance, and is responsible for the group's carbon emission accounting and transaction consulting services. In addition, it has also extended to the power sales business, Purchase electricity for Huawei and weikawei

when the actual emissions of thermal power enterprises exceed the quota, they can buy the quota or CCER from the market, while clean renewable energy enterprises can gain income by selling CCER. Therefore, wind power, photovoltaic and other enterprises should be familiar with the development process of CCER, select appropriate project development institutions and pay attention to the price trend of CCER in the "4+2" modern industrial system of Jiangbei new area. It should be noted that at this stage, the green card market and CCER transaction are two parallel markets. The same wind power or photovoltaic project can apply for CCER and green card at the same time, but there may be market mechanism conflicts in the future

power enterprises

the power industry subcategory included in the carbon market of the first stage also includes electricity. There are three main channels for power enterprises to reduce emissions: promoting emission reduction on the generation side by actively consuming clean energy; By improving the management level of line loss, the potential of power emission reduction is deeply tapped; Promote user side emission reduction through the implementation of power substitution projects and demand side management. The research shows that although the inventory loss is rising, the benefits of power enterprises playing a platform role to promote the emission reduction of power generation enterprises and social users are still very large

as a emission control enterprise, power enterprises also need to carry out carbon verification according to the greenhouse gas emission report of China power enterprises, incorporate the carbon asset management strategy into the overall plan for the long-term development of the enterprise, determine the emission reduction targets, realize the low-carbon transformation of power, actively participate in the preparations for the construction of the national carbon market, and assume the responsibility of state-owned enterprises

power selling companies

carbon trading can become a value-added business of power selling companies, enhance user stickiness, and promote the transformation of power selling companies into integrated energy service providers. On the one hand, power selling companies connect power generation enterprises and users, while power generation, cement, steel and other enterprises are all emission control enterprises incorporated into the carbon trading system, so they have an urgent demand for Carbon Asset Management. On the other hand, power selling companies generally have certain market trading experience and policy interpretation ability, so it is natural to act as agents for carbon trading

the entry points for power selling companies to participate in carbon trading can be as follows: providing carbon asset management services to help enterprises conduct carbon inventory, managing enterprise quotas, obtaining market quota transaction price difference on the basis that the standard block used to calibrate the hardness tester cannot be used on both sides, and developing CCER projects for emission reduction transactions; Provide low-carbon consulting and design, propose low-carbon development strategies for enterprises, carry out personnel training, design energy conservation and emission reduction schemes, and carry out contract energy management

in a word, all parties in the power industry should pay close attention to the trend of the carbon market, analyze and judge the coping strategies in advance, face the challenges of cost and management, explore the opportunities of the carbon market, develop new technologies for emission reduction, and play a positive role in achieving the national goal of coping with climate change

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